Foley Exercise

Today get to learn on creating foley for sound. Apparently on set recording mostly focused on dialogue, while almost the rest of the sound is done in post production using many ‘cheating’ methods. These methods usually involve everyday objects that just create similar or believable sound seen on screen. I am really surprised at all these tricks, which made me rethink all those objects I have used before that unexpectedly can create the sound effect heard in film.

Then we got to try out many things to redub/redo sounds for Ratouittle , and also learnt some steps for directional mic and equipment ect before recording, adding markers on clips for easier synching, and also fade in/out for most clips, gonna try experimenting it in the future. Since I will be helping out in the sound foley in my Screen Fiction, I gonna see if I can think of good combination of sound to make my own film sounds more professional!



Editing Sound

Today learnt more on what and how audio is handled in the industry, regardless if it’s film or television footages. But one unique things is that people always disregard audio. There is a mindset that when a video has an off-sync situation, most people will blame the audio department instead of the picture department, even though sometimes it’s the pictures that are off sync in the first place.

Also finally understood on the importance of timecodes, of which there are two kinds, and also codecs. Seem like the common format like h.264 is very undesirable in the editing process due to how it handles audio compression etc, causing much detail to be lost, while one like ProRes or DvPAL handles it well but causes massive file sizes much more than the h.264 etc.

Guess I will really need to study and chose a format soon to streamline my work process in anyway I can!!

Learning After Effect

Today is my first time fully learning After Effect, with many shortcuts and functions explained. However, I’m quite disappointed at the barebones as we don’t really learn much other than placing files and removing green screen with camera movements.

What I feel is particularly cool is the camera function that makes a 2d photoshop pictures turn into 3D by manipulating perspective, but that’s it. Most of the time is spent on importing and layering each file, which I kind of feel we should be able to do more in this amount of time.

The lecturer also introduced us to VideoCopilot where many effects are already made and we can just download some royalty free version, I think that this website will be useful in near future if I choose to specialise in this department.

Learning Flash 2

Today learnt more on xml, which sorts of like html, but most importantly, I have finally grasped a bit on Flash architecture, especially on symbols and it’s naming conventions. Though there are still some errors that appear without me knowing where they are, I found that some of the general errors normally result from naming convention or any spelling errors that is usually easy to miss.

Finally, Flash seems a bit easier and less confusing as last week, though I do hope that we don’t get too deep into the Actionscript3 as it’s still a hell for me to code stuff, I figure I’m just not a coder myself, though I would really like to create small interactive media using the minimal skill I had.



Learning Flash

Today is learning flash to do some simple effect of the Matrix Blue and Red pills glow. Though I have learnt about it before, I kind of forgot about the functions. I got confused over many stuff like which layers or scripts to apply onto the symbol etc.

I have always loathe ActionSript 3 as it is one of the most difficult computer language to learn compare to JavaScript. It is not really understandable using simple english. I fail my red pills even though I follow what others did, there’s always errors in unknown places. Worse, it doesn’t show me which part is wrong.

I must learn more about Flash, which I will use some tutorials provided by the lecturer and maybe online tutorial. Looks like it will be quite hard to do transmedia if I don’t know a little skill in this 😦

Avid part 2

Today finally able to go around doing simple editing using Avid in the workshop. Thanks to the previous lesson notes and also using Youtube to learn some of the shortcuts, I have seen how it is actually pretty simple and practical using it. This is especially true to mark in/out and splice in to make editing each clip easier with me knowing which part of the clip is used previously. Definitely makes me more appreciative of Avid’s features.

Sadly, it is still not as versatile as Premiere Pro, especially in dragging videos or audios and also the need to transcode every single clips, though I do understand the importance of it. After today, I am more confident in using Avid and will try to learn more of the features if I could XD

Location Sound Part 2 : Timecoding & More

Today learnt more about timecodes and some professional methods to sync sounds and clips.

3 of them are:

. Clipper Board (traditional)
. Using timecode
. Sync Software (not 100% reliable if audio is too noisy)

Best is to use all three at same time. Apparently there are some devices that can broadcast timecode or record timecode from the camera to the rest so everything will be in same timecode, making synching extremely easy with the right software.

There are some new stuff that I learnt today of filmmaking world, that is timecode is really essential and also all equipment need to be able to have timecode so as to be considered professional equipments, otherwise it’s considered prosumer.

We get to try out using clipper boards and use the camera for a few takes, with each of us taking turns of different roles of sound and camera instead. Plenty of fun but also makes learning much easier with practical experiments XD

Spider Dolly

Today we learnt how to use spider dolly and it’s usages in filmmaking.


1. Smooth camera movement
2. Follow action
3. Reveal, this is used normally to reveal something from the foreground or background when camera is moving to a new place all in one scene
4. Makes a shot more interesting compared to static shot
5. Track in & track out

I also learnt of speed of parallax, so if there are objects in the foreground, if camera moves, the same speed will perceive as faster compared to when theres no foreground objects.

Same goes for vertical parallax. Later, we are allowed to play and experiment some shots with it. I try to frame a shot while letting the camera being pulled on top of the rubber tracks. Pretty interesting 😀



Lighting and Location

Today we learn a new workshop teaching all about lighting and it’s equipments.

First, learn the dangers of lighting equipments:

1. Heat
– Must use gloves to prevent hands from getting burnt
– May cause bulb to melt

2. Bright
– May blind people, which is not what you want
– Warn others before activating any light
– Use a hand to cover first

3. Tripping/Falling
– From cables
– May need to use tape to cover them up
– May need use sandbags for heavier light equipments

4. Electricity
– Electrocution from strong currents
– May cause blackout if no safety measures taken

Indeed, there are some of the precautions I have paid less attention to in the past, especially the Blindness part, which can ruin a day’s shooting, if any actors or important roles are blinded and unable to perform their part well.

Importance of light:

– Exposure/Illuminate on subjects
– Create depth, 3D effect
– Mood/style

Finally, we also learn of 3 Point Lighting, including the strongest light (Key Light) for main source of light on subject, then a Fill light for covering shadows caused by Key Light. Lastly is Back light, to give the sense of depth on the subject and alienate it from the background. All these have been learnt by me previously in my high school’s course, but it still does the trick of reminding me each of their functions.

But there’s new stuff that I learnt today. They are types of light and colour temperature, the latter which I have never considered to be a significant factor in conveying mood and it’s usage.

Colour temperature uses Kelvin scale, with a normal tungsten light emitting a warm orange 3200k , suitable for skin tones. Fluorescent light is more cooling at 5600K, bluish and cold. It really depends on what style I want to use I found.

Disadvantage of Tungsten:
1. Get hot easily
2. Causes subject to feel the heat

Disadvantage of Fluorescent:
1. Not suitable for skin tones

Disadvantage of LED:
1. Uneven brightness

However, we are able to use filters to change the properties, like from cold to warm etc.

Lastly, I also learnt that camera could change setting to allow warm or cold light to be set to normal so any subjects shot will retain the natural look.

Technical Workshop: Tascam Mic

This is another technical workshop where we got to learn to use Tascam and the shotgun mic/boom mic. Tascam is a professional portable sound recorder that is able to record high definition sound that is used in filming, around 24bit 48khz.

We are separated into 3 man groups and I was with Tom and Pete. We test out interviewing the people in canteen to test the sound quality, then experimented with creating all sorts of sounds and noises, like footsteps, chatting and swinging the boom mic.

Had fun time doing and learning to operate the system, which thankfully is not overly complex. This workshop makes me value sounds in media more as I can really feel that sound plays equal role as visual in Films. Just by playing a sound, we can form story or even feel the emotion of the characters, atmosphere or just the pace of the actions.